United States Department of Veterans Affairs
Durham Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care

Jennifer L Strauss, PhD

  Jennifer Strauss, PhD, is Women’s Mental Health Program Manager, Office of Mental Health Services (OMHS), Department of Veteran Affairs, and Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University.  In her role with OMHS, she is contributes to VA policy recommendations and their implementation and oversight, as related to women Veterans’ mental health.  Prior to joining OMHS, she was a VA HSR&D Research Career Development -2 Awardee.  She has authored over 30 journal articles and book chapters, and received independent research funding from the Department of Veteran Affairs, National Institute of Mental Health, and the Department of Defense.  Her areas of interest and content expertise include women’s mental health, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), military sexual trauma (MST), the development of self-management interventions and strategies for increasing individuals’ collaborative involvement in the treatment process, and the integration of complementary-alternative techniques and evidence-based therapies.  She resides in Chapel Hill, NC with her husband, two cats, and one very large dog.
EDUCATION:
  • 2003 Postdoctoral Fellow, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC
  • 2001 PhD, Adult Clinical Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, FL
  • 2001 Clinical Internship, Medical Psychology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC
  • 1998 MS, Adult Clinical Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, FL
  • 1991 BA, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
PROFESSIONAL POSITIONS AND EXPERIENCE:
  • 2011-present National Women’s Mental Health Program Manager, Office of Mental Health Services, Department of Veteran Affairs, Washington, DC
  • 2007-present Assistant Professor (track II), Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 
  • 2005-2007 Assistant Research Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 
  • 2005-2011 Investigator, Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness, Research, Education and Clinical Center, Durham, NC
  • 2003-2011 Health Scientist/Core Investigator, Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham VAM Center, Durham, NC
  • 2004-2005 Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 
  • 2004-present Staff Psychologist, Durham VAMC, Durham, NC
  • 2001-2003 Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham VAM Center, Durham, NC
  • 2001-2003 National Research Service Awardee/Postdoctoral Fellow, Agency for Healthcare Research & Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC
  • 2000-2001 Medical Psychology Intern, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC
AWARDS AND HONORS:
  • 2009 President’s Award, North Carolina Psychological Association
  • 2007-2011 Research Career Development Award –2; Department of Veteran   Affairs, Health Services Research & Development
  • 2007-2010 Performance Award, Health Services Research and Development, Durham VA Medical Center
  • 2005 Outstanding Oral Presentation Award; 36th Annual Scientific Research Symposium of the Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society, Duke University, Durham, NC (2nd author)
  • 2004-2006 Associate Investigator Award; Department of Veteran Affairs, Health Services Research & Development
  • 2002 Best Poster Presentation Award at 21st National VA Health Services Research and Development Meeting, Washington, DC
  • 2001-2002 National Research Service Award; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality-sponsored fellowship
  • 2001 Certificate of Recognition for poster abstract presented at the 20th National VA Health Services Research and Development Meeting, Washington, DC
  • 2000 Outstanding Teaching Assistant, Department of Psychology, University of Miami
  • 1998 Commendation, doctoral comprehensive qualifying examinations: Psychopathology content area, University of Miami
  • 1995-2000 Letters of Commendation for excellence in clinical work, teaching, research, and academics, nine of ten semesters, Department Psychology, University of Miami
SERVICE:
  • 2012-present Co-Director, Duke Psychiatry Women’s Faculty Group
  • 2011-present Member, Work Group, Integrated Mental Health Strategy, Strategic Action #28: Gender Differences
  • 2011-present Member, Work Group, Sexual Assault Prevention and Intervention, Department of Veteran Affairs
  • 2011-present Member, Work Group, National Women’s Health Audio Conference Planning, Department of Veteran Affairs
  • 2010-present Chair, Board of Directors, The Women’s Center, Chapel Hill, NC
  • 2010-2011 Member, VISN6 Women Veteran’s Heathcare Sub-Council
  • 2009-2010 Vice-Chair, Board of Directors, The Women’s Center, Chapel Hill, NC
  • 2009-2010 Member, Nomination Committee, Orange County Rape Crisis Center, Chapel Hill, NC
  • 2008-2009 Member, Board of Directors, Orange County Rape Crisis Center
  • 2008-present Member, Board of Directors, The Women’s Center, Chapel Hill, NC
  • 2007-present Member, Program Review Committee, The Women’s Center, Chapel Hill, NC
  • 2006-present Editor-in-Chief, North Carolina Psychologist, North Carolina Psychology Association.
  • 2005-present Member, Board of Directors, North Carolina Psychology Association.
  • 2005–2006 Co-Editor-in-Chief, North Carolina Psychologist, North Carolina Psychology Association.
  • 2002–2005 Associate Editor, North Carolina Psychologist, North Carolina Psychology Association.
CURRENT FUNDED RESEARCH:
  • Investigator Initiated Award, U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC), Contract # W81XWH-10-2-0104 (2010-2013; Ariel J. Lang, PI): $2.3 million.  Initial Randomized Controlled Trial of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Distress and Impairment in OEF/OIF Veterans. (Site PI)
  • Department of Defense, Clinical Consortium Study Site: $1,500,000 (2008-2013); $1,500,000 (Investigator; PI: Grant)
  • National Institute of Health/NIAMS, $1,888,782 (07/27/10-06/30/15): Patient and Provider Interventions for Managing Osteoarthritis in Primary Care (Co-Investigator; PI: Allen).  This randomized clinical trial will compare patient, provider, and combined interventions for managing symptoms of knee and hip osteoarthritis, compared with usual care.
  • VA, Health Services Research and Development Merit Review Project Grant, Department of Veteran Affairs (Oct 2010-Sept 2013): $800,000; Patient and Provider Interventions for Managing Osteoarthritis in Primary Care (Co-Investigator; PI: Allen.  The objective of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a combined intervention for patients and providers for improving osteoarthritis-related outcomes in a real-world VA clinical setting.
SELECTED PUBLICATIONS (last 2 years)

Hayes AM, STRAUSS JL. Dynamic systems theory as a paradigm for the study of change in psychotherapy: An application to cognitive therapy for depression.  J Consul Clin Psychol. 1998;66:939-947.

Ironson G, Freund B, STRAUSS JL, Williams J. A comparison of two treatments for traumatic stress: A pilot study of EMDR and prolonged exposure. J Clin Psychol. 2002;58(1):113-128.

Newman CF, STRAUSS JL. When clients are untruthful:Implications for the therapeutic alliance, case conceptualization, and intervention. J Cogn Psychother 2003;17:24 252.

Moore TM, STRAUSS JL, Donatucci CF, Herman S. Erectile dysfunction in early, middle, and late adulthood: Symptom patterns and psychosocial correlates. J Sex Marital Ther. 2003;29:381-399.

Lapp KG, Bosworth HB, STRAUSS JL, Stechuchak KM, Horner RD, Calhoun PS, Meador KG, Lipper S, Butterfield MI. Lifetime sexual and physical victimization in male veterans with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder. Mil Med.  2005;170:787-790.

STRAUSS JL, Bosworth HB, Stechuchak KM, Meador KM and Butterfield MI. Knowledge and risks of human immunodeficiency virus transmission among veterans with severe mental illness. Mil Med. 2006;171:325-330.

STRAUSS, JL, Hayes AM, Johnson SL, Newman CF, Brown GK, Barber JP, Laurenceau J-P, Beck AT. Early alliance, alliance ruptures, and symptom change in a nonrandomized trial of cognitive therapy for avoidant and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders. J Consul Clin Psychol 2006, 74(2);337-345.

STRAUSS JL, Calhoun PS, Marx CE, Stechuchak KM, Oddone EZ, Swartz MS, Butterfield MI.  Comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder is associated with suicidality in male veterans with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Schizophr Res 2006 84;165-169.

Calhoun PS, Bosworth HB, Stechuchak KM, STRAUSS JL, Butterfield MI. The Impact Of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder on Quality of Life and Health Service Utilization Among Veterans Who Have Schizophrenia. J Trauma Stress 2006;19(3):393-397.

STRAUSS JL, Johnson SL. Role of treatment alliance in the clinical management of bipolar disorder: stronger alliance prospectively predicts fewer manic symptoms. Psychiatry Res. 2006; 145: 215-223.

Calhoun PS, Stechuchak KM, STRAUSS JL, Bosworth HB, Marx CE, Butterfield MI. Interpersonal trauma, war zone exposure, and posttraumatic stress disorder among veterans with schizophrenia.  Schizophr Res, 2007; 91: 210-216.

Hayes AM, Laurenceau, JP, Feldman, G, STRAUSS JL, Cardaciotto, L. Change is not always linear: The study of nonlinear and discontinuous patterns of change in psychotherapy. Clin Psychol Rev, 2007; 27(6): 215-723.

Zervakis JB, Stechuchak KM, Olsen MK, Swanson J, Oddone EZ, Weinberger M, Bryce ER, Butterfield MI, STRAUSS JL. Previous involuntary commitment is associated with current perceptions of coercion in voluntarily hospitalized patients. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 2007; 6: 105-112.

Naylor JC, Hulette CM, Steffens DC, Shampine LJ, Ervin JF, Payne VM MS, Massing MW, Kilts JD, STRAUSS JL, Calhoun PS, Blazer DG, Madison RD, Marx CE.  CSF DHEA levels are correlated with brain DHEA levels, elevated in Alzheimer’s  Disease, and related to neuropathological disease stage. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2008; 93(8): 3173-8.

Marx CE, Keefe RSE, Buchanan RW, Hamer RM, Kilts JD, Bradford DW, STRAUSS JL, Naylor JC, Payne VM, Lieberman JA, Savitz AJ, Leimone LA, Dunn L, Porcu P, Morrow AL, Shampine LJ. Proof-of-concept trial with the neurosteroid pregnenolone targeting cognitive and negative symptoms in  schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology, 2009; 34: 1885-1903.

Naylor JC, Kilts JD, Hulette CM, Steffens DC, Blazer DG, Ervin JF, STRAUSS JL, Allen TB, Massing MW, Payne VM, Youssef NA, Shampine LJ, Marx CE.  Allopregnanolone levels are reduced in temporal cortex in patients with Alzheimer’s Disease compared to cognitively intact control subjects. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, 2010; 1801(9): 951-9.

Elbogen EB, Wagner HR, Calhoun PS, Kineer P, Fuller S, Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center Workgroup (STRAUSS JL, workgroup member), Beckham, JC. Correlates of post-deployment violence among Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans. American Journal of Psychiatry, 2010;167: 1051-1058.

Kilts JD, Tupler LA,  Keefe JF, Payne VM, Hamer RM, Naylor JC, Calnaido RP, Morey RA, STRAUSS JL, Parke G, Massing MW, Youssef NA, Shampine LJ, the Veterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness, Research, Education and Clinical Care Workgroup, Marx CE.  Neurosteroids and self-reported pain in veterans who served after September 11, 2001, Pain Medicine, 2010; 11(10): 1469-1476.

Henderson CH, Jackson C, Slade, M, Young AS, STRAUSS JL.  How should we implement psychiatric advance directives?  Views of consumers, caregivers, mental health providers and researchers. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 2010; 37: 447-458.

Calhoun PS, McDonald SD, Eggleston AM, Beckham JC, Straits-Tröster K, and the Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center Workgroup (STRAUSS JL, workgroup member).  Clinical utility of the Primary Care-PTSD screen among U.S. Veterans who served since September 11, 2001.  Psychiatry Research, 2010; 178: 330-35.

Green KT, Calhoun PS, Dennis MF, Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center Workgroup (STRAUSS JL, workgroup member), Beckham JC. Exploration of the resilience construct in military veterans who have served since September 11, 2001. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2010; 71: 823-30.

Guerra VS, Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center Workgroup (STRAUSS JL, workgroup member), Calhoun PS.  Examining the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder and suicidal ideation in an OEF/OIF veteran sample, Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 2011; 25(1): 12-8.

Perlick DA, Straits-Tröster K, Dyck D, Norell D, STRAUSS JL, Henderson C, Close J, Berger N, Bonuck E, Taber K, Kalvin C, Dolber T, Cristian A. Multi-family group therapy for veterans with traumatic brain injury, Professional Psychology: Science and Practice, 2011; 42: 70-8.

Straits-Tröster K, Gierisch J, Calhoun PS, STRAUSS JL, Voils C, Kudler H (2011). Living in Transition: Young Veterans’ Perspectives on the Post-Deployment Shift to Civilian and Family Life. In D.Kelly, S. Howe-Barskdale, & D. Gitelson (Eds.), Treating Young Veterans: Promoting Resilience Through Practice and Advocacy. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

STRAUSS JL, Marx CE, Weitlauf JC, Stechuchak, KM, Straits-Tröster K, Worjoloh AW, Sherrod CB, Olsen MK, Butterfield MI, Calhoun PS.  Is military sexual trauma associated with trading sex among women veterans seeking outpatient treatment for depression? Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 2011; 12:3: 290-304.

Hayes JP, LaBar, KS, McCarthy G, Selgrade E, Nasser J, Dolcos F, Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center Workgroup (STRAUSS JL, workgroup member), Morey RA. Reduced hippocampal and amygdala activity predicts memory distortions for trauma reminders in combat-related PTSD, Journal of Psychiatric Research, 2011; 45:5: 660-9.

Youssef NA, Ege M, Angly SS, STRAUSS JL, Marx CE. Is obstructive sleep apnea associated with ADHD?, Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 2011: 23: 2-13.

Straits-Tröster, K., Strauss, J., Tupler, L., Dyck, D., Norell, D., Misal, M., Holman, C., Perlick, D. (2011). An adaptation of multi-family group treatment to support U.S. Veteran TBI survivors and their families.  Brain Impairment, 12, S15-16.

Marx CE, Bradford DW, Hamer RM, Naylor JC, Allen TB, Lieberman JA, STRAUSS JL, Kilts JD. Pregnenolone as a novel therapeutic candidate in schizophrenia: emerging preclinical and clinical evidence, Neuroscience, 2011, 191: 78-90.

Morey RA, Gold AL, LaBar KS, Beall SK, Brown VM, Haswell CS, Nasser JD, Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center Workgroup (STRAUSS JL, workgroup member), Wagner HR, McCarthy G. Amygdala volume changes with posttraumatic stress disorder in a large case-controlled veteran group (in press, Archives of General Psychiatry).

Lang AL, STRAUSS JL, Bomyea, Bormann, Hickman, Good, & Essex.  The theoretical and empirical basis for meditation as an intervention for PTSD.  (in press, Behavior Modification).

Youssef NA, Marx CE, Zinn S, Hertzberg MA, Kilts JD, Butterfield MI, STRAUSS JL. An open-label pilot study of aripiprazole monotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder in veterans. (in press, Journal International Clinical Psychopharmacology)